Canal-U

Mon compte
Fondation maison des sciences de l'homme

The Intergenerational Equity: A Concept to Build for Sustainability, the Case of Global Warning


Envoyer la page à un ami

Copier le code pour partager la vidéo :
<div style="position:relative;padding-bottom:56.25%;padding-top:10px;height:0;overflow:hidden;"><iframe src="http://canaludev.canal-u.tv/video/fmsh/embed.1/the_intergenerational_equity_a_concept_to_build_for_sustainability_the_case_of_global_warning.42620?width=100%&amp;height=100%" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height: 100%;" width="550" height="306" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen scrolling="no"></iframe></div> Si vous souhaitez partager une séquence, indiquez le début de celle-ci , et copiez le code : h m s
Auteur(s) :
DJEDJE Okoubi

Producteur Canal-U :
Fondation maison des sciences de l'homme
Contacter le contributeur
J’aime
Imprimer
partager facebook twitter Google +

Les chapitres


The Intergenerational Equity: A Concept to Build for Sustainability, the Case of Global Warning

Defined as “the relation that each generation has with the last or future generations in the use... of the natural or cultural resources of planet”, Intergeneration equity (here I.E) imposes rules of optimal use of these resources on each generation. But it still remains a vague concept which needs a clear definition and poses some philosophical problems. Its emergence in right of the environment followed the scientific awakening on the ecological threats, in the years 1960 and led to a greater implication of the United Nations to coordinate international actions in environment field. The conferences of Stockholm in 1972 and Rio in 1992 answered this requirement and adopted the concept of sustainable development already mentioned in the 1987 Brundlandt report. With this concept, one attends “to provide for the needs of the present generation without compromising those of the future generations” trough the integration of the political economy and the environmental measures. This concept includes different aspects : the anguish of the present generation, the uncertainty characterizing the future one and also the practical difficulty to transmit the planet under conditions that ensure the survival of mankind and the defence of the common interest. So, its implementation should not be let to the individual actions of the States nor any bilateralism and multilateralism often in conflict with the “common interests of humanity” because principle of States sovereignty. Two possible ways can be explored to solve this institutional problem politically : The creation of a representative for the future generations to mitigate the absence of these generations in the current decision-making processes; or the creation of an international institution charged to protect the interests from the future generations and equipped with capacity higher than that of the States, as for the convention of Montego Bay signed in 1982 to control the activities of the 53 States in open sea and take care of the “common inheritance in the interest of the whole humanity”. The existence of such institutions would make it possible to force the States as well as the private individuals by preventing any contrary project with the interests of the future generations. How is this question perceived by the economic analysis? What are the philosophical background and the consequences on the analysis of global warming? In other words, is the choice of a discount rate efficient to solve the problem of different time periods posed by sustainability? To answer these questions, I suggest to analyze a typical long-term problem: the climate change, recently evoked in the Stern report (2006) and show that the policies of climate can lead to different models of consumption in time. And the very chosen strategy will depend on its effects on the households, today and in the future, evaluated through the impacts on the main indicators of wellbeing.
  •  
  •  
    Date de réalisation : 30 Novembre -1
    Lieu de réalisation : IGeSA - Institut de Gestion Sociale des Armées, Porquerolles, France
    Durée du programme : 18 min
    Classification Dewey : Économie, Sciences de la Terre
  •  
    Catégorie : Conférences
    Niveau : niveau Doctorat (LMD), Recherche
    Disciplines : Sciences de la Terre , Sciences économiques
    Collections : New Methodologies and Interdisciplinary Approaches in Global Change Research
    ficheLom : Voir la fiche LOM
  •  
    Auteur(s) : DJEDJE Okoubi
    producteur : FMSH-ESCoM
    Réalisateur(s) : FILLON Richard, DESLIS Jirasri
  •  
    Langue : Anglais
    Mots-clés : économie, Science de la Terre, Géoscience
    Conditions d’utilisation / Copyright : Cette vidéo est mise à disposition selon les termes de la licence Creative Commons BY-NC-ND. Les contenus produits par les participants relèvent de la propriété intellectuelle.
 

commentaires


Ajouter un commentaire Lire les commentaires
*Les champs suivis d’un astérisque sont obligatoires.
Aucun commentaire sur cette vidéo pour le moment (les commentaires font l’objet d’une modération)
 

Dans la même collection

 Round Table
 The Post-Kyoto
 IPCC Working Group I and III
 IPCC Working Group II
 IPCC Working Group I
 Debate
 Climatic Hazard Mitigation Through Risk and Resilience Committees in Nepal
 The Costs of Strategic Adaptation in a Simple Conceptual of Climate Change
 Carbon Offsetting: An Ethical and Psychological Approach
 Debate
 The Sustainability of Kyoto's Architecture: Where Did the Victims of Climate Change Go?
 International Negociations on Climate Change: How to Take Advantage of Risk Aversion to Improve the Conditions for the Emergence of a Consensus
 How to Foster the Economic and Societal Technical Solutions?
 Debate
 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Challenges of Climate policy, Equity and Ethics
 Post-2012 options to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
 Interlocking Natural and Social Systems - Resilience, Governance and Research Policy Considerations
 The Economics of the Climate/Development of the Gordian Knot; Beyond a Sound Pessimism
 Present-Day Geomorphological Changes in Polar Regions
 The Effect of Thermal Pollution on Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages, in the Mediterranean Shore Face Adjacent to Hadera Power Plant (Israël)
 Social Impact of global Environmental Change on Farming Communities on the Ogoli River Bank in Otukpo Area of Benue State, Nigeria
 Turning Hazards into Ressources? Climate Change, Floods and Coastal Wetlands in the Costa Brava (North-East Iberian Peninsula)
 Debate
 Industrial and Environmental Policies: Reciprocal Impacts
 Recent Trends and Vulnerabilities in the Carbon Cycle
 The Impacts of Climate Change on Continental Ecosystems
 The Largest Lakes and reservoirs of Russia as a Priority Water Ressource for Society
 Climate, Geography and Macroeconomics: Revised Data, Refined Analysis and New Findings
 Linking Adaptation and Mitigation for Climate Risk Reduction
 Food demand, Productivity Growth and the Spatial Distribution of Land and Water use: A Global Modelling Approach
 Setting Cumulative Emissions Targets to Reduce the Risk of "Dangerous" Climate Change
 A Roadmap to Assess the Economic Cost of Climate Change with an Application to Hurricanes in the United States
 Regional Climate Change and Extremes
 Are European Ecosystems Vulnerable to Climate Change
 Data-Model Fusion Approach in Global Change Research: Recent Development and Future Challenges
 The State of UK Climate Modelling
 Debate
 Borehole Climatology and Model Simulations: Steps to Integrated Assessment
 Detection and Attribution of Climate Change to Different Causes
 Modelling Forced and Internal Climate Variability During the Last Millennium
 Cross-Disciplinary International Research on Land-Atmosphere Interactions
 From Climate Models to Earth System Models
 Climate Models: learning from the Past Long-Term Climate Variability
 Debate
 Holocene Climatic Changes and Their Effect on Morphodynamics and Sedimentation in Campania
 Comparison of Simulated Tree-Ring Cellulose d180 at the European Scale
 Long Term Climate Variability: from Past to Future and from Data to Models
 Global Climate Change: Past and Future
 The Start and the End of Our Interglacial
 Conference Opening
FMSH
 
Facebook Twitter Google+
Mon Compte